December 1997 Weekly Firesides

Hear Ye..........Hear Ye

"The Weekly Fireside"
of the American Civil War History Special Interest Group
Week ending 07 December 1997

Well, I hope all of you had a Great Thanksgiving :)  Due to a business trip last week, I was unable to publish the "Fireside" but we're back in the saddle this week.  Thank you all for your Happy Thanksgiving Wishes to Kath and I.

I'm also starting a new series of reference to Women's Civil War Diaries provided by our most prodigious Web Searcher "Rosie" (Acadian99).  What an incredible find she has run across...  I'll start this in the HELP DESK section...  Hope you enjoy this "Treasure Trove"  You will also notice that i have changed the format of the newsletter.  Due to feedback telling us that the HTML formatted script is very hard to read on some computer platforms.  I've returned to straight text.  I'll miss the highlighting capability, but everyone should be able to read this better.

This Thursday night is Letters, Poems and Songs.  We'll be looking for you :)

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I wish to thank the "Readers of alt.war.civil.usa," for corporately compiling this list and to Stephen Schmidt affiliated with Union College and Justin Sanders affiliated with South Alabama College" who are the "maintainers" of this list, for giving us gracious permission to share their work and efforts with our membership.... Their only stipulation was to the list "pure" to their readers, and that we shall certainly comply with  "GLEE"   :)

Because this is such an extensive list, I am covering a topic a week.  Their list covers a prodigious thirteen topic sets, so this will be of the increasing use and enjoyment to us all.  The topics provided are:

1. General Histories of the War   "Posted in 9/14/97 Fireside"
2. Causes of the War and History to 1861 - "Posted in the 9/21/97 Fireside"
3. Slavery and Southern Society - "Posted in the 9/28/97 Fireside"
4. Reconstruction - "Posted in the 10/5/97 Fireside"
5. Biographies - "Posted in the 10/5/97 Fireside"
6. Memoirs - "Posted in the 10/12/97 Fireside"
7. Reference Works - "Posted in the 10/19/97 Fireside"
8. Unit Histories and Soldier's Reminiscences - "Posted in the 10/29/97 Fireside"
9. Fiction - "Posted in the 11/2/97 Fireside"
10. Specific Battles and Campaigns (chronological) - "Posted in the 11/9/97 Fireside"
11. Strategies, Tactics, and General Military Aspects - "Posted in the 11/16/97 Fireside"
12. The Experience of Soldiers - "Posted in the 11/23/97 Fireside"
13. Civil War Periodicals (popular press) - "Posted in the 12/7/29" 

Here then is Section 13, Civil War Periodicals (popular press)

Civil War Times illustrated.
    The articles are well researched, and there are features that focus on the life and times aspect of the War.

Blue and Gray.
    Each issue focuses on a particular battle or campaign, with articles by several authors taking different tacks on the main story. It is really wonderful to have an issue when you are visiting a battlefield.

A NOTE from your friendly editor  :)   We will have finally finished the Reading List, through the Fireside, I'll make sure that we have a complete copy posted in the Civil War Files are of the Files Library for you to reference.   :)

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This segment is to address specific questions tat hit our plate on Thursday night that we didn't have a chance to answer or needed a bit of time to check it out.  Hope these answer the Mail :D

Editor's NOTE:  Regimental Histories and Letters, etc. Postings:  keyword "roots", after which will bring you to the main screen of the Genealogy Forum.  Select the "Files Library Center", then "History Files".  At that point select "Civil War Files."  Lectures are also posted in the "Files Library Center," under "History Lectures: as the Lecture Subject.  Meeting Logs are osted in the "Files Library Center" under "Meeting Logs and Newsletters."

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Rosie has passed this great find on to us from another associate (Linda Haas Davenport).  I think you searchers of Women's History during the Civil War will find this a "Gold Mine".  Enjoy......  This is Part I of VI parts.

I found a most interesting book called "Mothers of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in the American Civil War" by Drew Gilpin Faust; published by the University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill & London; 1996.  In her book Ms. Faust discusses the major changes that occurred in the life of southern women during the Civil War and quotes extensively from the surviving personal document of elite southern women.  Mr. Faust has an extensive "Notes" section that lists the locations of these documents.

On of the most difficult things to find in researching family history is information on our women ancestors.  I thought that Ms. Faust's list was a gold mine of information for family researcher, and with the permission of the university of North Carolina Press, I abstracted the name of the women mentioned and the location of their documents.  In the list below the name of the woman is listed first, then the type of document, the name of the collection, writing, book, article, etc. and where the item can be located.  If the woman's maiden and married name was listed, she will be found alphabetically under the first letter of her married name.  Search first using "find" and then scroll through the names.


I do not have any additional information on any of these women, books, articles, etc.

Maggie Allen, Letter to Mrs. John Palmer, Palmer Family Papers, South Caroliniana Library.  University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC

Alice Niles Andrews, Papers, Manuscript Department, William F. Perkins Library Library, Duke University, Durham, N.C.

Ada Bacot Diary, South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC

Lucy Bagby:  "Reminiscences of Lucy Babgy". Bagby Family Papers, Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, VA

Emma Balfour, Diary, Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson, MS

Amelia Barr, Papers, Center for American History, University of Texas, Austin, TX

Henrietta Fitzhugh Barr, The Civil War Diary of Mrs. Henrietta Fitzhugh Barr, 1862-63. ed. Sally Kiger Winn (Marietta Ohio; Marietta College Press, 1963)

Elizabeth J. Beach, Papers, Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson, MS

Jane Howison Beale, The Journal of Jane Howison Beale of Fredericksburg, Virginia 1850-1862 (Fredericksburg; Historic Fredericksburg Foundation 1979)

Margaret Beckwith, Reminiscences, Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, VA

Fannie A. Beers, Memories: A Record of Personal Experience and Adventure during Four Years of War (Philadelphia; Lippincott, 1888)

Mary Bell, Mary & Alfred Bell Papers, Manuscript Department, William R. Perkins Library, Duke University, Durham, M.C.

Mary Walker Meriwether Bell, Papers. Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville, TN

Carrie Berry, Diary, Atlanta History Center, Atlanta, GA; Narcissa L. Black, Diary, Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson, MV

Matha Boddie, Letter to MS governor John J Pettus (asking him to forward $1,200.00 worth of her diamonds to a ladies' gunboat society).  John Pettus Papers, Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson, MS

Priscilla Munnikhuysen Bond, Diary, Department of Archives and Manuscripts, Hill Memorial Library, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA

Minerva Bone, Robert Bone Papers, Special Collections Department, Robert W. Woodruff Library, Emory University, Atlanta, GA

Belle Boyd, Bell Boyd in Camp and Prison (New York: Blelock, 1865) and Bell Boyd: Confederate Spy (Richmond: Dietz, 1955) and Belle Boyd: Siren of the South (Macon Ga.: Mercer University Press, 1983)  (Boyd was the most notorious but hardly the only Confederate spy.)

Laura Nisbet Boykin, Shinplasters and Homespun: Diary of Laura Nisbet Boykin, Ed., Mary Wright Stock (Rockville, Md.: Printex, 1975)

Zillah Brandon, Diary, Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery, AL

Keziah Brevard:  Keziah Brevard Diary, South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC

Huldah Annie Fain Briant, Papers, Manuscript Department, William R. Perkins Library, Duke University, Durham, N.C.

Mrs. Frances Blake Brockenbrough, A Mother's Parting Words to her Soldier Boy (Evangelical Tract Society, 198-) (For information on the Evangelical Tract Society see Religious Herald Oct 23, 1862 issue)

Abbie Brooks, Diary, Atlanta History Center, Atlanta, GA

Catherine Broun, Diary, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. and Broun Family Papers, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University, Houston, TX

Mrs. Calvin Brown, "Lafayette County: 1860-1865: A Narrative", Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson, MS

Mary Brown, W. Vance Brown Papers, North Carolina Division of Archives and History, Raleigh, NC.

Maud Brown, Papers, Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson, MS.

Mary Bryan, Letter to her daughter, John Heritage Bryan Collection, North Carolina Division of Archives adn History, Raleigh, NC

Lucy Buck; Sad Earth, Sweet Heaven: The Diary of Lucy Rebecca Buck, ed. William Pettus Buck (Birmingham, AL., Cornerstone, 1973)

Amanda Bullock, Robert Bullock Papers, Georgia Department of Archives and History, Atlanta, GA

Louisiana Burge:  The Diary of a Confederate College Girl, Georgia Historical Quarterly 36 (June 1952) by Richard B. Harwell

Lucy Wood Butler: (husband Waddy Butler) Lucy Wood Butler Papers, Manuscript Department, Alderman Library, University of VA, Charlottesville, VA


Home page:

To contact the list owner, use

For information on available lists, other list options, and other generally useful information, visit

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From:  CMBarker:  A surprising and welcome letter from reenactors visit the website of Terrell's Texas Cavalry, 34th Regiment, Confederate States Army, the only historically-accurate multiracial Confederate reenactment unit, complete with new and exclusive Civil War-ers embedded music at:

We ask that you visit all 20 pages, but please pay particular attention to pages recently added, revised and/or updated:  "Regiment Updates," "Awards Received," "Unit History," "Historic References," "To Their Honor" (Page Two), and especially "Forgotten In Gray."

Since December, 1996, we have had the pleasure of welcoming over 16,000 visitors (nearly ten time the number of any other reenactor site) and have received separate awards for educational content, sound, and graphics.  In addition, our unit roster has increased from five Mounted and six Dismounted troopers to 20 Mounted and 34 Dismounted troopers... and members of our unit appeared in the TV miniseries "True Women" (although our Black and Hispanic troopers were not allowed to appear for stated reason of "political correctness").

We enjoy mutual Web links with the 54th Massachusetts (of "Glory" fame), several African-American sites ("Lest We Forget" and "Exodus" magazines), and consider ourselves honored to be the first Confederate reenactment group ever to have the endorsement and support of a chapter of the NAACP (Jackson County, Mississippi).  In addition, our unit recently became associated with a delinquent youth rehabilitation program in Texas which is targeted at Black, Hispanic and White teenagers identified as being at-risk for gang involvement.

Pay us a visit... we are certain we can offer a few surprises.  We celebrate the heritage of ALL Southerners.

Your Obedient Servant,

Michael Kelley, CAPT
Commanding, Dismounted Cavalry
Terrell's Texas Cavalry (34th), CSA

*Mark*  Thanks for this neat input for Re-enactors

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From:  MDelPa

Hi all,  thought you might be interested in reading the following.  It makes me wonder how many other records are in government attics and "sealed off crawl spaces"

........ Jayne

From the Sunday News Journal, Wilmington, DE, Nov. 30, 1997


The legendary war nurse's efforts to find missing soldiers are chronicled by Kalpana Srinivasan, AP

Washington --  She is best know for ministering to wounded Civil War soldiers on bloody battlefields and for establishing the American arm of an international relief organization.

But the legendary war nurse Clara Barton also was the first woman to head a government bureau, assuming the task of locating missing soldiers from the North-South conflict and contacting their families.  Federal historians, with the surprise discovery recently of records in a government attic, now have documented some of her efforts from 1865 to 1868.

"When the battle was over, she needed something to do," Gary Scott, National Park Service regional historian, said last week.  "She would compile missing soldiers' lists and send them to post offices across the country to try to locate the soldiers."

Scott uncovered one of the lists during the past few weeks while going through boxes of documents in the attic of a building about to be demolished.  The building, about halfway between the White House and the Capitol, once housed Barton's Missing Persons Office.  A worker for a contractor alerted the Park Service to the attic treasures before the building, owned by the government's General Services Administration, was taken down.  The discovery of a sign from Barton's office first linked the documents to her operation.  "It was quite remarkable to us that this stuff came from the Civil War," Scott said.

Government records, Civil War-era newspapers, leftover wallpaper remnants and even 19th Century clothes, from embroidered slippers to a frock coat, which "looked like something Abraham Lincoln would have worn," were among the items stowed in a sealed off crawl space, Scott said.  Some of the attic artifacts indicated the office may have been used as a residence, according to Scott, who believes Barton may have lived in the building.  The unexpected find of the documents that languished for more than a century highlights a lesser known period of Barton's life and of post-Civil War efforts to heal the nation.

Born in North Oxford, Mass., in 1821, Barton was a teacher and government worker before tending to wounded soldiers.  She got into the missing soldiers business when a prisoner of war brought her a list of dead soldiers from the infamous Andersonville Confederate prison camp in Georgia.  Nearly 13,000 of 45,000 confined Union soldiers died from disease, filth, starvation and exposure there.

Thanks to her work, Barton was able to return to Andersonville and mark the graves of thousands of soldiers.  She later published a list of their names.  "Once people realized she had found dead soldiers, she started receiving thousand of letters from mothers and daughters," Scott said, adding, "Occasionally she would find people who didn't want to be found."  In all, she tracked 22,000 soldiers.

The missing persons office received $15,000 in congressional appropriations and had its own staff.  The roster unearthed by Scott was marked 5 and contained hundreds o names of soldiers from the Northern states.  Barton went on to establish the American Red Cross in 1881 and died in 1912.

The Park Service turned over the findings to Ford's Theater, where President Lincoln was assassinated in 1865, in hopes the items will be displayed.

(((((Jayne)))))  -  Great  find; thanks for sharing

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From: NEVassau

I was roaming around on AOL and I came across this address and found that it contains lots of poetry, music and leads to other Civil War sites.  I don't know if you are aware of this address, but I wanted to give it to you in case you were not.  It is:

((((Eileen)))) Thanks for the *Heads Up*  I'll use your sample poems from this site at the next Letters, Songs and Poems night :D

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Check out the following member inputs for comment and requests of Interest and Pleas for Help.....

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I confess to being a bit of a trivia buff. I thought this was a gem.   This item absolutely confirmed what we already know about bureaucracy.



Bureaucracies and old standards never die. . .

The US Standard railroad gauge (distance between the rails) is 4 ft, 8.5 inches.  That's an exceedingly odd number.

Why was that gauge used?

Because that's the way they built them in England, and the US railroads were built by English expatriates.

Why did the English people build them like that?

Because the first rail lines were build by the same people who built by the same people who built the pre-railroad tramways, and that's the gauge they used.

Why did *they* use that gauge then?

Because the people who built the tramways used the same jigs and tools that they used for building wagons, which used that wheel spacing.

Okay!  Why did the wagons use that odd wheel spacing?

Well, if they tried to use any other spacing the wagons would break on some of the old long distance roads, because that's the spacing of the old wheel ruts.

So who built these old rutted roads? 

The first long distance roads in Europe were built by Imperial Rome for the benefit of their legions.  The roads have been used ever since.

And the ruts?

The initial ruts, which everyone else had to match for fear of destroying their wagons, were first made by Roman war chariots.  Since the chariots were made for or by Imperial Rome they were all alike in the matter of wheel spacing.  Thus, we have the answer to the original questions.

The United States standard railroad gauge of 4 feet, 8.5 inches derives from the original specification for an Imperial Roman army war chariot.

Specifications and Bureaucracies live forever!

So, the next time you are handed a specification and wonder what horse's @$$ came up with it, you may be exactly right.  Because the Imperial Roman chariots were made to be just wide enough to accommodate the back ends of two war horses.

Thanks Ike and Nancy. . . . . . .   These are priceless  :)

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From:  Auntcakesw

This Thur was my first visit and I found everyone so friendly and helpful.  I have several letters written by family members that I will send to you as soon as I get my scanner hooked up.  Most were written by the fireside.  Enjoyed meeting all of you.  Cathi Swanson   auntcakesw

Cathi :)  We and the members are glad you dropped by.  We would indeed be honored to share your family letters on the Civil War Era. . . . .

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From:  BettyLAtw

Thank your for printing FOUR VOICES FROM SHILOH.  I don't normally read poetry (shame on me) but this caught my eye and I couldn't stop reading while tears formed in my eyes.  It painted such a vivid picture of the hardships endured at that time.

Also, thank you for reminding us of the GETTYSBURG ADDRESS. 


Betty  :)  Thanks for your great note.  The Poem was graciously sent by Ted (Oolitic IN) and Ike and Nancy (FI WATROUS) provided us a reminder of the "Address"

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From: CDBeckett

Thanks for your keep eye. . . I'll check out the file later. I'm currently developing an HBO/Showtime/TNT angled film on the incident.


Beckett  :)  here's a response from Pam Newhouse, who has already contacted you, I believe.... However for the reader's who are interested in the Sultana Incident may also be interested.  :)  Good Luck on the movie..... and keep us posted

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From: CW1865

I am a descendant of a soldier of the 183rd Ohio Inf. who died on the Sultana.  I also am one of the organizers of the annual Sultana Reunion for Descendants and Friends, held every April in Knoxville, TN.  (We typically have at least one descendant attend whose FATHER was on the Sultana!)

Also, I publish a quarterly newsletter.  "The Sultana Remembered"  which serves to keep the memory alive of these men (as well as the crew and civilians on board).

I was present for the presentation of the Sultana lecture in The Weekly Fireside--it was well done.   (Only a very few times did I want to jump in and clarify something!)

Thanks for everything you do!
Pam Newhouse, editor, "The Sultana Remembered"

Pam - I got the "Care Package". . .  Your newsletter is great.  Thank you. . .

For you readers who are researching the Sultana Incident, give Pam an email to find out how to sign up for the newsletter.  It's a wealth of information from descendents of those that survived or perished on it.

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. . . and another response
From: Oolitic IN

I went to Florida for Thanksgiving, and just came online (still full of turkey and dressing). . .  Carol & Jack Lundquist are vering interested in the Sultana and Cahaba Prison.  Carol's gggrandfather was a survivor of both.  You can reach them at  CarolL1225@aolcom or   The are compiling much information about both the Sultana and Cahaba.

Ted:  Thanks for the feedback for Beckett

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From:  TINKI

Terrific poem.  I shall share it with my family.  Marian Broder - Tinki

Thanks Marian  :D

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From Holm Hogs

A little levity before the big day.

The World According to Student Bloopers.

Richard Lederer
St. Paul's School

One of the fringe benefits of being an English or History teacher is receiving the occasional jewel of a student blooper in an essay.  I have pasted together the following "history' of the world from certifiably genuine student bloopers collected by teachres throughout the United States, from eight grade through college level.  Read carefully, and you will learn a lot.

The inhabitants of ancient Egypt were called mummies.  They lived in the Sarah Dessert and traveled by Camelot.  The climate in the Sarah is such that the inhabitants have to live elsewhere, so certain areas of the dessert are cultivated by irritation.  The Egyptians built the pyramids in the shape of a huge triangular cube.  The pyramids are a range of mountains between France and Spain.

The Bible is full of interesting caricatures.  In the first book of the Bible, Guinesses, Adam and Eve were created from an apple tree.  One of their children, Cain, once asked, "Am I my brother's son?"  God asked Abraham to sacrifice Isaac on Mount Montezuma.  Jacob, son of Isaac stole his brother's birth mark.  Jacob was a patriarch who brought up his twelve sons to be patriarchs, but they did not take to it.  One of Jacobs sons, Joseph, gave refuse to the Israelites.

Pharaoh forced the Hebrew slaves to make bread without straw.   Moses led them to the Red Sea, where they made unleavened brad, which is bread made without any ingredients.  Afterwards, Moses went up on Mount Cyanide to get the ten commandments.  David was a Hebrew king skilled at playing the liar.  He fought with the philatelists, a race of people who lived in biblical times.  Solomon, one of David's sons, had 500 wives and 500 porcupines.

Without the Greeks we wouldn't have history.  The Greeks invented three kinds of column--Corinthian, Doric and Ironic.  They also had myths.  A myth is a female moth.  One myth says that the mother of Achilles dipped him in the River Stynx until he became intolerable.  Achilles appears in The Iliad, by Homer.  Homer also wrote The Oddity, in which Penelope was the last hardship that Ulysses endured on his journey.  Actually, Homer was not written by Homer but by another man of that name.

Socrates was a famous Greek teacher who went around giving people advice.  They killed him.  Socrates died from an overdose of wedlock.

In the Olympic games, Greeks ran races, jumped, hurled the biscuits, and threw the java.  The reward to the victor was a coral wreath.  The government of Athens was democratic because people took the law into their own hands.  There were no wars in Greece, as the mountains were so high that they couldn't climb over to see what their neighbors were doing.  When they fought with the Persians, the Greeks were outnumbered because the Persians had more men.

Eventually the Ramons conquered the Geeks.  History calls people Romans because they never stayed in one place for very long.  At Roman banquets, the guests wore garlics in their hair.  Julius Caesar extinguished himself on the battle fields of Gaul.  The Ides of March murdered him because they thought he was going to be made king.  Nero was a cruel tyranny who would torture his poor subjects by playing the fiddle to them.

Then came the middle ages.  King Alfred conquered the Dames, King Arthur lived in the Age of Shivery, King Harold mustarded his troops before the Battle of Hastings.  Joan of Arch was cannonized by Bernard Shaw, and victims of the Black Death grew boobs on their neck.  Finally, the Magna Carta provided that no free man should be hanged twice for the same offense.

In midevil times most of the people were alliterate.  The greatest writer of the time was Chaucer, who wrote many poems and verses and also wrote literature.  Another tale tells of William Tell, who shot an arrow through an apple while standing on is son's head.

The Renaissance was an age in which more individuals felt the value of their human being.  Martin Luther was nailed to the church door at Wittenburg for selling papal indulgences.  He died a horrible death, being excommunicated by a bull.  It was the painter Donatello's interest in the female nude that made him the father of the Renaissance.  It was an age of great inventions and discoveries.  Gutenberg invented the Bible  Sir Walter Raleigh is a historical figure because he invented cigarettes.  Another important invention was the circulation of blood  Sir Francis Drake circumcised the world with a 100-foot clipper.

The government of England was a limited mockery.  Henry VIII found walking difficult because he had an abbess on his knee.  Queen Elizabeth was the "Virgin Queen".  As a queen she was a success.  When Elizabeth exposed herself before her troops, they all shouted, "hurrah".  Then her navy went out and defeated the Spanish Armadillo.

The greatest writer of the Renaissance was William Shakespear.  Shakespear never made much money and is famous only because of his plays.  He lived at Windsor with his merry wives, writing tragedies, comedies, and errors.  In one of Shakespear's famous plays, Hamlet rations out his situation by relieving himself in a long soliloquy.  In another, Lady Macbeth tries to convince Macbeth to kill the King by attacking his manhood.  Romeo and Juliet are an example of a heroic couplet.  Writing at the same time as Shakespear with Miguel Cervantes.  He wrote Donkey Hote.  The next great author was John Milton.  Milton wrote Paradise Lost.  Then his wife died and he wrote Paradise Regained.

During the Renaissance American began.  Christopher Columbus was a great navigator who discovered American while cursing about the Atlantic.  His ships were called the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Fe.  Later, the Pilgrims crossed the ocean, and this was known as Pilgrims Progress.  When they landed at Plymouth Rock, they were greeted by the Indians, who came down the hill rolling their war hoops before them.  The Indian squabs carried porpoises on their back.  Many of the Indian heroes were killed, along with their cabooses, which proved very fatal to them.  The winter of 1620 was a hard one for the settlers.  Many people died and many babies were born.  Captain John Smith was responsible for all this.

One of the causes of the Revolutionary War was the English put tacks in the tea.  Also, the colonists would send their parcels through the post without stamps.  During the War, the Red Coats and Paul Revere was throwing balls over stone walls.  The dogs were barking and the peacocks crowing.  Finally, the colonists won the War and no longer had to pay for taxis.

Delegates from the original thirteen states formed the Contented Congress.  Thomas Jefferson, a Virgin, and Benjamin Franklin were two singers of the Declaration of Independence.  Franklin had gone to Boston carrying all his clothes in his pocket and a loaf of bread under each arm.  He invented electricity by rubbing cats backwards and declared, "A horse divided against itself cannot stand".  Franklin died in 1790 and is still dead.

George Washington married Martha Curtis and in due time became the Father of our Country.  Then the Constitution of the United States was adopted to secure domestic hostility.  Under the Constitution the people enjoyed the right to keep bare arms.

Abraham Lincoln became America's greatest precedent.  Lincoln's mother died in infancy, and he was born in a log cabin which he built with his own hands.  When Lincoln was President, he wore only a tall silk hat.  He said "In onion there in strength".  Abraham Lincoln wrote the Gettysburg Address while traveling from Washington to Gettysburg on the back of an envelope.  He also freed the slaves by signing the Emasculation Proclamation, and the Fourteenth Amendment gave the ex-Negroes citizenship.  But the Clue Clux Clan would torcher and lynch the ex-Negroes and other innocent victims.  It claimed it represented law and odor.  On the night of April 14, 1865, Lincoln went to the theater and got shot in his seat by one of the actors in a moving picture show.  The believed assinator was John Wilkes Booth, a supposingly insane actor.  This ruined Booth's career.

Meanwhile in Europe, the enlightenment was a reasonable time.  Voltare invented electricity and also wrote a book called Candy.  Gravity was invented by Isaac Walton.  It is chiefly noticeable in the autumn, when the apples are falling off the trees.

Bach was the most famous composer in the world, and so was Handel.  Handel was half German, half Italian, and Half English.  He was very large.  Bach died from 1750 to the present.  Beethoven wrote music even though he was deaf.  He was so deaf he wrote loud music.  He took long walks in the forest, even when everyone was calling for him.  Beethoven expired in 1827 and later died for this.

France was in a very serious state.  The French Revolution was accomplished before it happened.  The Marseillaise was the theme song of the French Revolution, and it catapulted into Napoleon.  During the Napoleonic wars, the crowned heads of Europe were trembling in their shoes.  Then the Spanish gorillas came down from the hills and nipped at Napoleon's flanks.  Napoleon became ill with bladder problems and was very tense and unrestrained.  He wanted an heir to inherit his power, but since Josephine was a baroness, she couldn't bear children.

The sun never set on the British Empire because the British Empire is in the East and the sun sets in the West.  Queen Victoria was the longest queen.  She sat on a thorn for 63 years.  Her reclining years and finally the end of her life were exemplatory of a great personality.  Her death was the final event which ended her reign.

The nineteenth century was a time of many great inventions and thoughts.  The invention of the steamboat caused a network of rivers to spring up.  Cyrus McCormick invented the McCormick raper, which did the work of a hundred men.  Samuel Morse invented a code of telepathy.  Louis Pasteur discovered a cure for rabbis.  Charles Darwin was a naturalist who wrote the Organ of the Species.  Madman Curie discovered radium.  And Karl Marx became one of the Marx brothers.

The First World War, caused by the assignation of the Arch-Duck by a surf, usered in a new error in the anals of human history

Deanne :)  Lord help us on the next History Exam!!!!!......   Heh Heh     Thank you . . .

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From:  Garacha


I'm glad I stumbled upon the room we met in.  I knew there was something special and warm there.  I saved it in my favorite places and plan to return.  I'm not sure the jest of it but from what I see here in this email, I am interested and thankful for your inclusion.


Gary :)  We're certainly glad you did too.  We'll see you on Thursdays. . . . 

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From:  MURPLE 4

Anyone know where I can get info about the civil wars most silent general; Briv. Maj. Gen. Wesley Merritt?  I obtained some old prints in an antique store and the attatchment shows Merritt at the surrender at appomattox and inscribed on the small final agreement table.



W, T. Merritt  :)  thanks for your note. . . . If any of you reader's out there can help out, drop us a line. . . . .  I'm leaving this in another week..

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OUR FOCUS:  The "History of the North American Civil War".

OUR GOAL:  To enhance your Genealogy activity knowledge, and "fun" by talking about the history surrounding their ives and actions; specifically the "Civil War" that our ancestors lived through and died because of.

OUR PROMISE:  To provide an "online" environment that is NOT judgmental and to address ALL aspects of this "Pivotal Period" in our History, with honesty and truth (where we know it).

We do "Fireside Stories" about the battles, people and social happenings.  In addition we dedicate one Thursday a month to sharing Songs, Poems and Letters from that era.  So come back and visit; we'll save you a seat at the Fireside, and keep the Cider warm. . . . . For a full listing of upcoming events, either look on the Schedule at the end of this Notice or in the Upcoming Events of the Genealogy Forum.

As we review the logs, and we find new visitors who show an interest in this topic and our Thursday sessions, we automatically add you to our Weekly Notices.

AND TO YOU "FIRST-TIMERS' THIS WEEK, "Welcome" . . .   :)

We heartily enjoyed your visit and participation.  We relish what members bring to the discussions, and  we hope to see more of you . . . . .   Note that for any reason, you desire to be removed from distribution of this "Weekly Missif", just drop us a line and we will comply with your wishes "Poste-haste".

Schedule of Upcoming Topics/Events**********

Time:  Every Thursday Night at 11 PM ET in the Golden Gates Room with Co-Hosts GFS KathyD and GFS Jim and our many fill-in friends  :)

12/11/97 - Letters, Songs and Poems Night.  "Our Monthly Special"
Come join us and watch some real history from those that were there. . . . .

12/18/97 - The Lincoln Conspirators - GFS Jim:  from the gracious contribution to this group by Margaret G. Fish of Barrington, NH...

12/25/97 - The room will be open but No Hosts will be there :)  'Cause It's Merry Christmas to ALL and to ALL a Good Night  :D 
From your Hosts GFS KathyD and GFS Jim...

1/1/97 - The room will be open but No Hosts will be there :)   'Cause It's Happy New Year to ALL :D  
From your Hosts GFS KathyD and GFS Jim. . . . .

We'll see you Thursday!!!
Your Hosts
GFS KathyD & GFS Jim

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