1. In those days when Peace reigned undisturbed, and War was a thing unknown in Columbia's happy land,
2. There dwelt a man in the land of Missouri, and his name was Sterling, surnamed Price;
3. And he was a just man, and feared God and kept His commandments.
4. Moreover, he was a man of great wisdon, and all the people loved him.
5. And he had been a ruler among the for many years, a judge, a member of the Legislature, and a chief Magistrate of the Commonwealth.
6. Now, when the Rebellion broke out, he was living at home, as a man of peace.
7. An Claiborne, whose surname was Jackson, was at that time, Governor of Missouri;
8. And Claiborne knew Sterling, and he knew that the people loved him.
9. And he went unto Sterling and communed with him, and spake kindly unto him.
10. And he persuaded Sterling to join the fortunes of the South, and he made him a Major-General.
11. The Sterling raised a large army to fight against the Union, and he was brave, and cared for his soldiers, and they loved him as dutiful sons would love an affectionate father.
12. And Sterling fought many battles, and became a great hero among the rebels.
13. But Jefferson was jealous of Sterling, and never confided in him, nor did he confer any great honor upon him.
14. An this vexed the people of Missouri, because they loved Sterling, and considered him the greatest man in all the Confederacy.
15. And Sterling marched his army Eastward and crossed the Mississippi River, and joined himself to Braxton, whose surname is Bragg.
16. And Sterling fought at Corinth and at other places, and all that knew him, both in the rebel, and also in the Federal army, knew that no man was braver than Sterling, whose surname is Price, the ex-Governor of Missouri.
1. When the Federal armies advanced into Dixie, all civil law was suspended;
2. Magistrates ceased to perform the functions of their offices, for no one could sue or be sued;
3. And there were no civil courts or criminal proceedings, and evil doers ceased to be afraid of the majesty of the law.
4. Then were there dishonest men that formed themselves into companies called Jayhawkers; and some companies they called Guerrillas;
5. And fearing neither God nor man, these men went through the land seizing upon cotton, and horses, and mules, and fat oxen, and money;
6. And they spared no one; nor cared they whether one as Union or Secesh, if he had money or other valuables, they demanded the same.
7. And they made the land to mourn because of their depredations; for they robbed thousands of families, and left them no means to procure bread for their little ones.
8. And the people near Memphis sent to General Veatch, and said, "Protect us, we pray thee, from these Jayhawkers, for they torment us day and night."
9. And General Veatch opened his mouth and said to them, "O generation of vipers, why do ye not come forward and take the oath of allegiance? How can I protect you while ye and your sons are in open rebellion against the government?
10. Repent ye, every one, and take the oath of allegiance to Uncle Samuel, then will I protect you and your little ones."
11. And these Guerrillas stopped the trains on the railroad, and robbed them, and burnt the cars;
12. And they burnt bridges, and tore up the track, and played "sash" generally.
13. And they collected on the Mississippi river, and erected batteries on the shore, and fired on steamboats, and made them "round to."
14. And they robbed them of their stores, and burnt the boats to the water's edge.
15. And this thing vexed the people, particularly the traveling public, and the steamboat men;
16. And they cried to General Hurlbut for relief.
17. And the General heard their prayer, and he sent forth is decree into all the world,
18. That whenever a steamboat was robbed, "ten" "Secesh" families should be banished from Memphis;
19. And whenever the Guerrillas should rob a railroad train, then the town or village of "Secesh" sympathizers nearest thereunto, should be burned to the ground.
20. Then were these Guerrillas afraid, but, nevertheless they did not altogether discontinue their robberies.
Taking the Oath
1. Now it came to pass when Memphis was in the hands of the Federals, that James, whose surname is Veatch, was appointed to the command thereof.
2. And James gave commandment that no one should leave the city, or reside in the same, or carry on any business therein, unless he should take the oath of allegiance to Uncle Samuel.
3. And many of the good people murmured because of this order.
4. And they began to make excuses, for one of them said, I have two sons in the Confederate army; therefore, I pray thee have me excused.
5. And another came to James, and kneeling down, said unto him, my wife's father lives in the land of the South, and she expects to get a large lot of negroes at his death; therefore, I pray thee, have me excused.
6. And another came and said, "O James, whose surname is Veatch, most gladly would I obey they every command: but the Southern Confederacy owes me a large sum of money, and, if I take the oath, they will never pay me; therefore, I pray thee, have me excused."
7. And still another came and said, "I have not at any time violated Uncle Samuel's laws, but I have kept them all inviolate; therefore, I pry thee, have me excused."
8. And yet another came and said unto James, "When the rebels were here, and they brought Federal prisoners from Belmont, I visited them in prison, and ministered unto them; and I fed the hungry, and gave a blanket to those that had none, and sung a song at the funeral of those that died; therefore, I pray thee, heve me excused."
9. And yet another came, saying, "I own great possessions is Dixie, both of lands, and meadows, and orchards, and oxen, and horses;
10. Now, if I take the oath, Jefferson will confiscate all my property, and I shall be bereft of all my goods; therefore, I pray thee, have me excused."
11. And James was vexed because of their excuses, and his wrath was kindled. And James gave a commandment that no one should be excused, but that all should take the oath;
12. Moreover, he commanded, that if any refused to take the oath, his soldiers should spoil his house, and take his goods, and he should be cast into prison.
13. And guards were placed all around the city, to see that no one should leave the city, or carry out any goods, unless he would show a writing from James or his Provost-Marshal.
14. And James sent a guard into all parts of the city, and he commanded them to seize any that they might find drunk or disorderly, and cast them into prison.
15. And James established good order in the city.
Adventures of Two Young Secesh
1. And it came to pass in those days, when James, whose surname is Veatch, was in command of the Post of Memphis,
2. That many of the youths of that city, loved Jefferson and the South, and hated Lincoln and the Yankees.
3. And it grieved them sore to see the Federal soldiers, in Uncle Sam's uniform of blue, in all the streets, and upon all the corners, and at all places of the "Bluff City."
4. And they often spake against "Uncle Abe," and sent messages of love to some that were in the rebel army;
5. And they made the pictures of rebel flags on their slates at schools, and showed by many signs, that they did not choose "Uncle Abe to rule over them.
6. Now, among these, were two; the name of one was Harry, and the name of the other was Walter.
7. And these had hardly come to the years of a man, but they were tall and of goodly size, and comely to look upon.
8. And their young Southern blood ran hot in their veins, at the thought, that the Yankees looked upon Tennessee and Memphis as being subdued;
9. And they went to the same school in the city, and sat on the same seat, and were very intimate;
10. And Walter was older than Harry, and nearer approached unto the stature of a man.
11. And when they were at school, Walter lifted up his voice, and said unto Harry, "My soul doth long to be in the rebel army."
12. And Harry answered and said, "And so doth mine, --that desire mingles with my dreams and with my waking thoughts, and I am dying to be away from school, and these hard lessons."
13. Then Walter said, "Let us arise and go and join ourselves unto the army of Bragg."
14. And the say pleased Harry, and he gave his consent.
15. And they took each of them a horse and some script, and went forth beyond the city;
16. And when they had come to the pickets, seeing that they were only boys, they let them pass.
17. Then did these boys rejoice, for they felt that they were safe, and that they had escaped from school, and would no more have to get and recite hard lessons.
18. And they pursued their way for several days. And behold they lifted up their eyes and Federal cavalry were approaching;
19. And the cavalry overtook them, and captured them, and led them bound unto Fort Pillow.
20. And they took their horses from them, and sent them to Columbus, in the province of Kentucky, and put them in prison.
21. Then were these boys dejected in mind, for they could not join the army of Bragg, and they did not love the bean soup and cracker bread, that were given unto them in the prison.
22. And it repented them that they had not remained at home, and continued their lessons at school.
1. Now it came to pass when the Federals had taken possession of all the province of West Tennessee, Middle Tennessee, North Alabama, and North Mississippi,
2. That Jefferson was alarmed, and he sent a message unto his wise men, who were assembled at the rebel Sanhedrim, at Richmond;
3. And he advised them to adopt powerful measures to drive the invaders from the "sacred soil" of the South;
4. Or, if they could not expel them from the territory already in their possession that they should at least keep them from carrying the invasion any further.
5. And they communed one with another, sayinig, it is useless to call for any more volunteers;
6. For we have called so often, that the last one that is disposed to volunteer, is already in the army;
7. Then sent they to Jefferson, saying, we are sore vexed because we think no more men will volunteer; What is the commandment concerning this matter?
8. And Jefferson answered unto them, saying, there is but one measure which ye can adopt, which will save the country.
9. And they said unto him, "Speak on, O Jefferson!"
10. And Jefferson said, "If ye will pass a law calliing every able-bodied man into the army, whether he will not."
11. Then did the rebel Congress pass a law conscripting every man in the Southern Confederacy, between the ages of eighteen and forth-five.
12. And the thing vexed the people, for, said they, We have sent our sons, and our young men to the army, and we have remained at hoe to protect our wives and our little ones;
13. And now, if we go also into the army, who will there be to protect our home and loved ones?
14. And who will there be to cultivate our fields and vineyards for us?
15. And many of them said we will not obey this call of Jefferson and the rebel Congress, for we will not leave our homes and go to war.
16. And the rebel Generals sent recruiting officers into every part of the country, and they seized all that they could find, and compelled them to go into the army.
17. But many arose and escaped to the Federal lines, and were saved from the rebel conscription.